Located on Panepistimiou Street, the old campus of the University of Athens, the National Library, and the Athens Academy form the "Athens Trilogy" built in the mid-19th century. The city has also been host to sports events of international importance. The area has been redeveloped according to a design by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, with steel arches, landscaped gardens, fountains, futuristic glass, and a landmark new blue glass roof which was added to the main stadium. Fencing before the king of Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics. Estimate. The incumbent Mayor of Athens is Kostas Bakoyannis of New Democracy. Age is classified into groups; each percentage listed is that group's percentage of the total population. Solar Energy, 70 (3): pp. Population. Updated annually. The Stadiou Street in Central Athens in 1908. Rankings Top Movers.  A series of anti-pollution measures taken by the city's authorities in the 1990s, combined with a substantial improvement of the city's infrastructure (including the Attiki Odos motorway, the expansion of the Athens Metro, and the new Athens International Airport), considerably alleviated pollution and transformed Athens into a much more functional city. , Athens is home to 148 theatrical stages, more than any other city in the world, including the ancient Odeon of Herodes Atticus, home to the Athens Festival, which runs from May to October each year. (1985). Athens is the country's major transportation hub. Athens has hosted the EuroLeague final three times, the first in 1985 and second in 1993, both at the Peace and Friendship Stadium, most known as SEF, a large indoor arena, and the third time in 2007 at the Olympic Indoor Hall. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years later it hosted the 2004 Summer Olympics, making it one of the few cities to have hosted the Olympics more than once. The Athens city coastline, extending from the major commercial port of Piraeus to the southernmost suburb of Varkiza for some 25km (20mi), is also connected to the City Centre by tram. The Greek Government has created a corporation, Olympic Properties SA, which is overseeing the post-Olympics management, development and conversion of these facilities, some of which will be sold off (or have already been sold off) to the private sector, while other facilities are still in use just as during the Olympics, or have been converted for commercial use or modified for other sports. , In 2008, it was reported that most of the Olympic venues had fallen into disrepair: according to those reports, 21 of the 22 facilities built for the games had either been left abandoned or are in a state of dereliction, with several squatter camps having sprung up around certain facilities, and a number of venues afflicted by vandalism, graffiti or strewn with rubbish.  The only observable problem was a somewhat sparse attendance of some early events. Katsoulis B.D., Theoharatos G.A. In earlier Greek, such as Homeric Greek, the name had been current in the singular form though, as (Athn). After 1930, receptive to both American and other European musical influences as well as the homegrown musical tradition, Greek composers begin to write music using elements of the tango, waltz, swing, foxtrot, sometimes combined with melodies in the style of Athenian serenades' repertory. " A series of measures taken by the authorities of the city throughout the 1990s resulted in the improvement of air quality; the appearance of smog (or nefos as the Athenians used to call it) has become less common. 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014. . Casinos operate on both Mount Parnitha, some 25km (16mi) from downtown Athens (accessible by car or cable car), and the nearby town of Loutraki (accessible by car via the Athens Corinth National Highway, or the Athens Suburban Railway). If one adds the slaves and the foreign population, the number rises to . 201216. The Kallimarmaro is a replica of the ancient Athenian stadiums, and the only major stadium (in its capacity of 60,000) to be made entirely of white marble from Mount Penteli, the same material used for construction of the Parthenon. It employs a staff of 14,000.. Although the heavy cost was criticized, estimated at $1.5billion, Athens was transformed into a more functional city that enjoys modern technology both in transportation and in modern urban development. Greece 2020 population is estimated at 10,423,054 people at mid year according to UN data. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. Jan 11, 2023. The centre of Athens was largely rebuilt, leading to the demolition of a number of neoclassical buildings. , Classical Athens was a powerful city-state. Athens is also home to several museums and cultural institutions, such as the National Archeological Museum, featuring the world's largest collection of ancient Greek antiquities, the Acropolis Museum, the Museum of Cycladic Art, the Benaki Museum, and the Byzantine and Christian Museum. After the establishment of the modern Greek state, and partly due to the conservatism of the written language, [aine] again became the official name of the city and remained so until the abandonment of Katharevousa in the 1970s, when , Athna, became the official name. US Alabama Athens . The large City Centre (Greek: ) of the Greek capital falls directly within the Municipality of Athens or Athens Municipality (Greek: )also City of Athens. Globalization and World Cities Research Network, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Names of European cities in different languages (A), Learn how and when to remove this template message, 47.5C and over in four different locations, Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece, New Athens Township, St. Clair County, Illinois, Athens Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, Athens Township, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, Athens International Airport Eleftherios Venizelos, Athens University of Economics and Business, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, School of Pedagogical and Technological Education, Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center, The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre, "Athens and Jerusalem: City of Reason, City of Faith", "Regions and Cities at a Glance 2018 Greece", "Contents and Principles of the Programme of Unification of the Archaeological Sites of Athens", "Greece uncovers 'holy grail' of Greek archeology", "Athens, Greece Metro Area Population 1950-2023", "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. Demographic. The metro area population of Athens in 2022 was 3,154,000, a 0.03% increase from 2021. , Tourism is also a leading contributor to the economy of the city, as one of Europe's top destinations for city-break tourism, and also the gateway for excursions to both the islands and other parts of the mainland.  It is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely because of its cultural and political influence on the European continentparticularly Ancient Rome. The meteorology of Athens is deemed to be one of the most complex in the world because its mountains cause a temperature inversion phenomenon which, along with the Greek government's difficulties controlling industrial pollution, was responsible for the air pollution problems the city has faced. The Greek Government, aided by the EU, has funded major infrastructure projects such as the state-of-the-art Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, the expansion of the Athens Metro system, and the new Attiki Odos Motorway. The 2004 Olympic Games were described as "unforgettable, dream games", by IOC President Jacques Rogge for their return to the birthplace of the Olympics, and for meeting the challenges of holding the Olympic Games. "Assessing the thermal environment of major cities in Greece". At any given time, hundreds of international scholars and researchers in all disciplines of archaeology are to be found in the city. [el] (Kolonos), football club founded in 1919 with short presence in Gamma Ethniki, Athinais Kypselis[el] (Kypseli), football club founded in 1938 with short presence in Gamma Ethniki, Gyziakos[el] (Gyzi), basketball club founded in 1937 with short presence in Beta Ethniki basketball and Aetos B.C.  The tram network spans a total length of 27km (17mi) and covers ten Athenian suburbs. US Illinois Athens .  During the Greek Dark Ages the population of Athens was around 4,000 people, rising to an estimated 10,000 by 700BCE. It is part of the Athens urban area. National and regional bus links are provided by KTEL from two InterCity Bus Terminals; Kifissos Bus Terminal A and Liosion Bus Terminal B, both located in the north-western part of the city. That is 203 per day, which is ranked 121st. , The Municipality of Athens (also City of Athens), which actually constitutes a small administrative unit of the entire urban area, had a population of 643,452 (in 2021) within its official limits, and a land area of 38.96km2 (15.04sqmi). Eventually, however, a total of more than 3.5million tickets were sold, which was higher than any other Olympics with the exception of Sydney (more than 5million tickets were sold there in 2000). The population density in Athens is 455% higher than Georgia. The city proper of Athens only spans 39 square kilometers and packs 665,000 living inside the city limits, this equates to a population density of 17,100 people per square kilometer. In the 1980s, it became evident that smog from factories and an ever-increasing fleet of automobiles, as well as a lack of adequate free space due to congestion, had evolved into the city's most important challenge. The Roman Agora and the Gate of Athena in Plaka district. These clubs also have basketball teams; Panathinaikos and Olympiacos are among the top powers in European basketball, having won the Euroleague six times and three respectively, whilst AEK Athens was the first Greek team to win a European trophy in any team sport. Athens Population & Visitor Numbers. The Italian Embassy in Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. The city is a world centre of archaeological research. Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. 3,153,000 The current metro area population of Athens in 2021 is 3,153,000, a 0% increase from 2020. (2001). Measures taken by the Greek authorities throughout the 1990s have improved the quality of air over the Attica Basin. In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021: 57.0%: In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021: 47.0%: Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000) Athens Water Supply & Sewage Co. published this content on 27 April 2023 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. There are also transfer connections with the Blue Line 3 at Syntagma station and with the tram at Syntagma, Syngrou Fix and Neos Kosmos stations. In 1950, the population of Athens was 1,347,408 . Thanks to his efforts, Athens was awarded the first modern Olympic Games. An estimate based on Thucydides is 40,000 male citizens, 100,000 family members, 70,000 metics (resident foreigners) and 150,000-400,000 slaves, though modern historians again hesitate to take such high numbers at face value, most estimates now preferring a total in the 200350,000 range. The Athens Metropolitan Area, with an area of 2,928.717km2 (1,131sqmi) and inhabited by 3,744,059 people in 2021, consists of the Athens Urban Area with the addition of the towns and villages of East and West Attica, which surround the dense urban area of the Greek capital. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, . Pop. , Athens is a Beta-status global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and is one of the biggest economic centers in Southeastern Europe. There are also several other private colleges, as they called formally in Greece, as the establishment of private universities is prohibited by the constitution.  The leading position of Athens may well have resulted from its central location in the Greek world, its secure stronghold on the Acropolis and its access to the sea, which gave it a natural advantage over inland rivals such as Thebes and Sparta.  It also ranks as a very safe city (39th globally out of 162 cities overall) on the ranking of the safest and most dangerous countries. The least populous of the compared metro areas has a population of 1,135,503. . Over the past decade, the city's infrastructure and social amenities have improved, in part because of its successful bid to stage the 2004 Olympic Games. Multinational companies such as Ericsson, Sony, Siemens, Motorola, Samsung, Microsoft, Teleperformance, Novartis, Mondelez and Coca-Cola also have their regional research and development headquarters in the city. The Red Line has transfer connections with the Green Line 1 at Attiki and Omonia stations. Athens. Number of visitors to Athens in 2019. Sustainable Cities and Society, 1, pp. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. Kassomenos P.A. Later, under Rome, Athens was given the status of a free city because of its widely admired schools. "On the impact of Urban Climate to the Energy Consumption of Buildings". The county 's largest decline was between 2019 and 2020 when the population dropped 4.9%.  Due to the large area covered by Athens Metropolitan Area, there are notable climatic differences between parts of the urban conglomeration.  The games welcomed over 10,000 athletes from all 202 countries. These would pave the way for the eventual introduction of democracy by Cleisthenes in 508BCE. Of the venues used for these Olympics, the Kallimarmaro Stadium, and Zappeion were most crucial. There are transfer connections with the Blue Line 3 at Monastiraki station and with the Red Line 2 at Omonia and Attiki stations. Access the most recent census population information for Athens, Texas, including a population profile and history. After the Fourth Crusade the Duchy of Athens was established. However, this did not prevent Athens from being captured and sacked twice by the Persians within one year, after a heroic but ultimately failed resistance at Thermopylae by Spartans and other Greeks led by King Leonidas, after both Boeotia and Attica fell to the Persians. Notable composers of operettas or nocturnes were Kostas Giannidis, Dionysios Lavrangas, Nikos Hatziapostolou, while Theophrastos Sakellaridis' The Godson remains probably the most popular operetta. Population Growth 2000-2021; 1175: Gadsden 33,769 -13.1% 1178: Alabaster 33,676 .  In 1896, Athens hosted the first modern Olympic Games. Athens' largest zoo is the Attica Zoological Park, a 20-hectare (49-acre) private zoo located in the suburb of Spata. The first modern city plan consisted of a triangle defined by the Acropolis, the ancient cemetery of Kerameikos and the new palace of the Bavarian king (now housing the Greek Parliament), so as to highlight the continuity between modern and ancient Athens. Athens city, Alabama. Access the most recent census population information for Athens, Ohio, including a population profile and history. According to the ancient Athenian founding myth, Athena, the goddess of wisdom and war, competed against Poseidon, the God of the Seas, for patronage of the yet-unnamed city; they agreed that whoever gave the Athenians the better gift would become their patron and appointed Cecrops, the king of Athens, as the judge.  The Athens Planetarium, located in Andrea Syngrou Avenue, in Palaio Faliro is one of the largest and best equipped digital planetaria in the world. , The 2004 Games were judged a success, as both security and organization worked well, and only a few visitors reported minor problems mainly concerning accommodation issues. Piraeus also forms a significant city centre on its own, within the Athens Urban Area and it is the second largest in population size within it. There are 933 metro areas in the United States.  The spring 2007 extension from Monastiraki westwards to Egaleo connected some of the main night life hubs of the city, namely those of Gazi (Kerameikos station) with Psirri (Monastiraki station) and the city centre (Syntagma station).  The airport, awarded the "European Airport of the Year 2004" Award, is intended as an expandable hub for air travel in southeastern Europe and was constructed in 51 months, costing 2.2billion euros. They together with the regional unit of Piraeus (Greater Piraeus) make up the dense Athens Urban Area which reaches a total population of 3,059,764 inhabitants (in 2021). Athens is one of the major economic centres in south-eastern Europe and is considered a regional economic power. Lycabettus is one of the tallest hills of the city proper and provides a view of the entire Attica Basin. Also to be found is the Pedion tou Areos (Field of Mars) of 27.7 hectares, near the National Archaeological Museum. 28.0 years old. Athens Population & Age Distribution Age. Total Population 127,358 Age Under 5 Years: 5.0% 1628. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. The term Athens can refer either to the Municipality of Athens, to Greater Athens or urban area, or to the entire Athens Metropolitan Area. In Ancient Greek, the name of the city was (Athnai, pronounced[atnai] in Classical Attic) a plural. For other uses, see, Neighbourhoods of the center of Athens (Municipality of Athens), Population of the Athens Metropolitan Area, Vinie Daily, Athens, the city in your pocket, pp 6, S. Immerwahr, The Athenian Agora XIII: the Neolithic and Bronze Ages, Princeton 1971. According to data from 2014, Athens as a metropolitan economic area produced US$130billion as GDP in PPP, which consists of nearly half of the production for the whole country. The Municipality of Athens has an official population of 643,452 people (in 2021). for example, vary from 800,000 inhabitants to over 3,000,000 inhabitants. The ancient site of the main city is centred on the rocky hill of the acropolis.  It was to be the second time Athens would host the games, following the inaugural event of 1896. Attica region population: 6,4 million. Beyond Athens and across the prefecture of Attica, outdoor activities include skiing, rock climbing, hang gliding and windsurfing. Mount Parnitha is the tallest of the four mountains (1,413m (4,636ft)), and has been declared a national park. Athens sprawls across the central plain of Attica that is often referred to as the Athens Basin or the Attica Basin (Greek: /). Two main motorways of Greece begin in Athens, namely the A1/E75, heading north towards Greece's second largest city, Thessaloniki; and the border crossing of Evzones and the A8/E94 heading west, towards Greece's third largest city, Patras, which incorporated the GR-8A. country comparison to the world: 9 Population growth rate -0.35% (2023 est.) As of 2017, its network consists of around 322 bus lines, spanning the Athens Metropolitan Area, and making up a fleet of 2,375 buses and trolleybuses. The Temple of Olympian Zeus with river Ilisos by Edward Dodwell, 1821. The Port of Piraeus is the largest port in Greece and one of the largest in Europe. Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery. For the greatest part of the 19th century Neoclassicism dominated Athens, as well as some deviations from it such as Eclecticism, especially in the early 20th century. In 1896, the city had a population of 123,000 and the event helped boost the city's international profile. The intercalated competitions were intermediate games to the internationally organized Olympics, and were meant to be organized in Greece every four years, between the main Olympics. Other universities that lie within Athens are the Athens University of Economics and Business, the Panteion University, the Agricultural University of Athens and the University of Piraeus. The metro area population of Athens in 2019 was 3,154,000, a 0.06% decline from 2018. Iakovides, S. 1962. , The Athens Tram is operated by STASY S.A (Statheres Sygkoinonies S.A), a subsidiary company of OASA (Athens urban transport organisation).  It was possibly rendered in the plural later on, like those of (Thbai) and (uknai). This occurs due to the moderating influence of the sea, and lower levels of industrialisation compared to other regions of the city. Greece population is equivalent to 0.13% of the total world population. In this era, the first Christian churches were built in Athens, and the Parthenon and other temples were converted into churches. Despite the variety in styles, there is evidence of continuity in elements of the architectural environment through the city's history.. The Athens Stock Exchange was severely hit by the Greek government-debt crisis and the decision of the government to proceed into capital controls during summer 2015. Localities with a great number of such buildings include Kolonaki, and some areas of the centre of the city; neighbourhoods developed in this period include Kypseli.. Greece ranks number 87 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. The Athens case".